Getting old is inevitable. However, there is a lot we can do to slow down this process and postpone the inevitable end. Regardless of age, the first thing every woman does in this process is to buy an anti-aging cream for herself.
There are hundreds of creams on the market that make great promises for your skin but are very different from each other. To find the right cream among these, it is necessary to pay attention to two points: The content of the cream and your own skin type.
The most commonly used active ingredients in anti-aging creams are retinoids, anti-oxidants, alpha hydroxy acids, lipids and sunscreens. Let's take a closer look at these important items:
Retinoids are vitamin A derivatives. They are often found in anti-wrinkle creams as retinol and retinaldehyde. Retinol enhances cell regeneration, smoothes fine wrinkles, and protects the skin against free radical damage. At the same time, they stimulate collagen synthesis and prevent it from breaking down. For this reason, it is recommended to be used from the age of 30 when sagging and wrinkles start due to collagen and elastin loss. Retinoids can be preferred especially for oily skin due to their acne drying properties.
They prevent the formation of free radicals that are released during oxidation in cells and cause DNA damage. From an early age, they prevent the damages of all kinds of environmental factors that age the skin such as smoking, sun rays and stress. Among the most commonly used anti-oxidants in anti-aging creams are vitamin antioxidants such as vitamin C and E, beta carotene and coenzyme Q, oligo elements such as zinc, silicon and selenium, and lipoic acid. In some creams, various plant names such as green tea, grape seed and pomegranate can be mentioned, which contain plenty of these antioxidants. Especially those with sensitive skin structure may prefer 10-15 percent pure vitamin C serums or creams containing Resveratrol.
They are substances in acidic structure obtained from various fruits such as grapes, lemons, apples and cane sugar. Alpha hydroxy acids such as glycolic acid, lactic acid and citric acid are mostly used in anti-aging creams. These acids remove the dead layer of the skin with the effect of peeling, stimulate natural cell regeneration, remove color irregularities on the skin and open fine wrinkles. For this reason, they are used in various proportions to prevent skin aging in many newly developed cosmetic products. They can be preferred especially for thick and sun-damaged skin.
This group includes essential fatty acids and ceramides such as arachidonic acid and linoleic acid. Essential fatty acids, also known as vitamin F, are found in vegetable oils such as sunflower and act as a natural moisturizer in the skin as a structural part of cells. Ceramides also act as a natural barrier, especially in dry and worn skin, smoothing the skin.
They show their effects by absorbing, scattering or reflecting the sun's rays. They are basically divided into physical and chemical preservatives. A combination of sunscreens that block both UVA and UVB rays is currently recommended. Considering that the most important environmental factor that ages the skin is the sun's rays, their use from a very early age will delay the signs of aging considerably.