How about learning the truths of the rapidly spreading urban legends such as "If you go out to the sun at certain hours", "People who are not very light-skinned have a lower risk of cancer?", "Sunrays are only dangerous in summer?"
7 Mistakes Made While Sunbathing
Taking advantage of the opinions of dermatologists; We explained the mistakes we suppose are right that prevent us from keeping our distance from the sun.
The relationship between the harmful rays of the sun and skin cancer and its negative effects on skin aging are well known. However, when the holiday season comes and we are alone with the sun, we either convince ourselves or want to convince ourselves that some tanning will not do much harm. However, it is known that the most basic way of protecting against skin cancers, which are quite common worldwide today, is to protect against the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun.
Wrong because: Although it is thought that the sun rays are not harmful in the afternoon when the sun rays are not steep, this is not true. Because UVB rays, which are responsible for 75-80 percent of sunburn at noon, intensify, while UVA, which is responsible for 20-25 percent of sunburn, comes at the same intensity at all hours of the day. For this reason, it poses an important risk in terms of skin cancers in the summer months when the days are long. Therefore, it is important to make a habit of using protective creams every two hours, as the sun can be dangerous even when its rays are not straight.
It's wrong because: People with darker skin have more melanin pigments in their skin. Although these pigments protect the skin by creating a barrier against sun rays, this is not enough. Therefore, dark-skinned people should also be careful to use a sunscreen with at least 30 factors against skin cancer and aging.
Wrong, because: Contrary to what is thought, skin cancers called malignant melanoma is more common in women in the leg and especially the calf area that is exposed to intense sunlight. For this reason, it is useful to use a broad-spectrum sunscreen in all sun-exposed areas, except for the more sensitive face.
Wrong, because: Sitting in the shade or under a large umbrella without being in direct sunlight is not enough to block the sun's rays. It should not be forgotten that 80 percent of the sun's rays can pass through the clouds and therefore it can be harmful even in overcast weather. Because the negative effects of the sun continue as the pool-sea water or sand also reflects UV rays. For this reason, one should not be outside even in the shade at noon in the summer.
It's wrong because: Initially, the sun is thought to heal acne, as the redness of the acne is masked by the darkening of the skin color. However, the opposite is happening, which is a kind of illusion. Since sunlight causes water and moisture loss from the skin, the barrier of the skin is broken and dryness occurs. As the skin has to secrete more oil in order to tolerate this dryness and repair the skin barrier in the future, the sebaceous glands grow. This causes an increase in acne, spots, and scars.
Wrong, because: Using sunscreen products of a factor of 30 or more throughout the year is one of the most effective measures to be taken against UV damage. However, staying away from this approach for even a week can result in wasted care taken throughout the year. Because skin cells produce the necessary amount of melanin to protect themselves from daily sun exposure. However, when exposed to intense sun exposure, even intermittently, during the summer months, skin cells cannot protect themselves against intense UV rays that are out of their usual range. The resulting DNA damage increases the risk of malignant melanoma and basal cell cancer along with wrinkles.
Wrong, because: Although sunscreens reflect and scatter most of the ultraviolet rays, they prevent it from being absorbed by the skin, but unfortunately they cannot prevent all. Skin disease experts state that research has shown that staying in the sun for a long time with the confidence created by sunscreens causes an increase in skin cancers. For this reason, sunscreens should not be seen as the only and sufficient option for cancer prevention. Wearing a long-sleeved shirt and pants is the best method of sun protection. It is necessary to wear a hat and use sunglasses to cover the ears and neck. Another important habit is to follow your shadow. If your shadow is shorter than yourself, the sun rays are steep and harmful. In this case, a shady place or closed areas should be passed.