Acne, the uninvited guest of our faces, is often neglected with the idea that it "gets better with time". For this reason, while it is a problem that can be easily treated, it can progress to permanent scar on our face. 10 important causes of acne, important warnings and suggestions are in this article.
Dermatology experts say that the treatment of pimple, which manifests itself in the shoulder, back and chest area as well as in the face, is a chronic condition, and its treatment can take a long time. They emphasize that acne can be caused not only by puberty but also by many factors such as vitamin supplements, cosmetic products, smoking and stress, although it manifests itself especially in 90 percent of young people.
Hormones that change with puberty naturally cause some changes in people's skin. With this hormonal effect, the amount of fat produced in the skin increases. The increase in the activity of the sebaceous glands causes the accumulation and clogging of cells in the outward parts of these glands, initiating the first phase of acne formation. Then, with the growth of bacteria, an inflammatory condition occurs. This picture causes the formation of black and white spots, pus swellings, red spots and even hazelnut-sized cystic structures. Acne rashes are seen in oily areas such as face, back, shoulders and chest.
Cosmetic materials and intensive use of cosmetics are important causes of post-adolescent acne. Sometimes the acne formation can develop months after starting to use the product, and it can be overlooked by the person. Therefore, in the selection of cosmetic products, their acne-causing potential should be examined carefully. Products used for easy combing and styling of hair can cause black spots on the face.
As excessive stress can cause acne, the person can sometimes unwittingly scrape a small acne or rough skin with his fingernails and turn it into a wound, especially when under intense stress. The result is a picture that does not respond to acne treatment and leaves traces and stains. When this disease is suspected, psychological support in addition to acne treatment is important for the success of the treatment.
Acne sometimes appears as a side effect of treatment. Long-term oral cortisone treatments are at the top of the drugs that cause acne. The anobolic steroids used by athletes, some drugs and long-term use of B vitamins can also cause acne or exacerbate existing acne. For this reason, it is of great importance for the success of the treatment that the patients who go to the dermatology specialist with acne complaints report the names of the drugs and vitamins they use to their doctor.
Although there is no proven relationship between diet and acne, recent research suggests that processed carbohydrate consumption also aggravates acne.
Skin structure is also an important factor in acne formation. Studies show that people with oily skin and enlarged pores are more prone to adult acne. Adult acne is divided into two as "those with puberty pimples that last until adulthood" or "those that appear at adult age". Adolescent acne is more common in men and adult acne in women. Adult acne is more prone to becoming inflamed and leaving scars.
Scientific studies reveal a link between smoking and post-adolescent acne. So much so that there is an increase in the severity of acne in those who smoke too much.
Acne can also manifest itself as an occupational disease symptom. Acne can develop after contact with chemicals such as mineral oils, petroleum oils, chlorinated hydrocarbons, coal tar, PVC (polyvinyl chloride).
It is known as precocious puberty for girls before the age of 8 and boys before the age of 9. This situation causes very rapid growth in children, causing the growth period to be shorter and their height to be shorter than expected. Since acne formation that starts at an early age in children may be the first visible sign of early puberty, acne seen before puberty should be a warning for both parents and physicians.
Dermatology specialists state that some diseases can also cause acne, and that it should not be called "a simple acne" and the incident should not be covered. For example, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, also known as ovarian cysts, which is very common in women; It can lead to many diseases such as heart diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes, infertility, obesity, hair loss, hoarseness and hair growth, and it can also cause oily skin and acne. For this reason, if you have acne in your body after the age of 20 or if your acne started in adolescence continues for more than 10 years, you should consider the possibility of ovarian cyst.